During pregnancy, it is common for gynecologists to prescribe the expectant mother a iodine supplement, since it is known that the lack of this mineral can cause brain injuries in the baby and thyroid diseases in the pregnant woman.
In addition to this, a group of researchers have recently revealed that mothers with iodine deficiency during gestation had children with a IQ three points lower than other children.
A group of scientists, within the European NUTRIMENTHE project, coordinated by Professor Cristina Campoy Folgoso, have discovered that Lack of iodine in pregnant women has detrimental effects on the child's cognitive development. The results of their research revealed that children born to mothers who were deficient in iodine during pregnancy, showed at eight years of age, an IQ three points lower than the others and even worse reading ability.
Given these results, experts recommend taking enough iodine, especially in pregnant women. Iodine can be obtained from natural foods such as fish, shellfish, and dairy products. However, gynecologists advise daily iodine intake during pregnancy and lactation, which is why they usually prescribe a supplement that the pregnant woman has to take throughout 40 weeks of pregnancy.
And it is that iodine is essential for growth, brain development, the regulation of certain metabolic processes in the body and the synthesis of thyroid hormones. A correct supply of iodine is very important, therefore, during pregnancy.
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