Babies are born with skin wrinkled from amniotic fluid, stained with blood and covered by other fluids from the mother. Its natural protection is the coverage of a pasty whitish greasy called vernix caseosa. After a first drying and, above all, the first wash, the baby's skin will be one of the softest and finest we have ever caressed.
Sometimes, however, newborns can be born with some spots, signs or pigmentation that can alert us.
It is quite common to see some reddish areas, which are due to the still unstable blood circulation of the baby's superficial skin and, for this same reason, they can also present a bluish tone in the extremities, especially when they lose temperature. Due to the effort of labor, the baby may also have small lesions: reddish marks, bruises, scratches or petechiae (red specks caused by small capillary spills), which will disappear in a week or two.
The baby's skin is a fairly mutable organ. During the first weeks of life, the surface layer of the baby's skin flakes without remedy (even if we use moisturizer), this peeling is normal that does not need any specific treatments. Also the baby may have minor rashes: small bumps on nose and chinmilio) due to the secretions of the sebaceous glands of the skin; Y small acne-like vesicles (miliaria) that will remit with normal care after a few weeks.
But many babies are born with other types of signs, distinctive birthmarks that can persist for the first year of life or longer. My nephew was born with two large greenish-blue spots on his back, which were called sacral or Mongolian spots and which are more frequent in black, American Indian and Asian newborns. Also large reddish purple flat spots may also occur, which do not disappear with the development of the child and which will have to be consulted with the dermatologist, if we want to make them disappear for aesthetic reasons.
Other eye-catching brands are capillary or strawberry hemangiomasSome are red and rough, and others are flat, pink or reddish. Moles or brown spots are not relevant unless they have a strange appearance or are large, in that case, they should be reviewed by the dermatologist in case they should be removed. With some caveats, most of the marks present on the skin of the newborn or present in the first year of life are harmless and will not need more supervision than the normal pediatrician check-ups and the usual care for the baby's skin.
Patro Gabaldon. Editor of our site
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