Although AIDS, syphilis or herpes are the best known sexually transmitted diseases, the increase in the spread of chlamydia is becoming an alert in some countries such as the United Kingdom where cases have increased by 200%.
The chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted disease that is recognized by the World Health Organization as the leading cause of preventable infertility.
The infection is caused by the bacterium "Chlamydia trachomatis", three times more common in women than in men. When left untreated, it can infect cervical cells, spread to the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or uterus. causing pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.
It is a disease that is not diagnosed in many cases since it is often confused with a urinary tract infection. In many cases symptoms go unnoticed, Both men and women.
In case you present symptoms they can be: abdominal pain, fever, light bleeding, abnormal vaginal discharge, pain when urinating, increased need to urinate, pain in sexual intercourse. In men there may also be swelling around the anus and increased sensitivity in the testicles. To detect chlamydia, a culture is necessary.
It is usually treated with antibiotics, it is very important to respect the time of taking the medications, even if the symptoms disappear and that the couple also receives the treatment.
The only way to prevent infection is use condoms.
If the infection goes undetected and therefore untreated, it can lead to infertility in both men and women. And it is that in the internal genitalia a kind of tumors are formed that cause inflammation so that the eggs cannot reach the uterus, and even the tubes can become obstructed.
This inflammatory disease can cause chronic pain and increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy if you become pregnant.
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