The dog is probably the most desired pet, the most loving, the most faithful, the best friend of man, they say. Also, dogs are a constant wake-up call for children. That warm teddy that plays, runs and makes funny faces is so 'cuddly' that it is impossible to resist the temptation to give it a caress.
And the dogs respond. They have a sixth sense to realize that that brat who pulls their hair and cheeks is nothing more than a baby of a human being, and should be pampered like any other puppy. Nevertheless, sometimes dogs bite. By mistake, by defense, by fear, but they bite. And parents must be clear about what to do.
1. First, do not hit the dog as immediate revenge. This attitude is worthy of primitive beings and inappropriate for a rational being. In addition, it is very likely that the animal is not at fault, and our violence will only generate more violence, so we must remain calm.
2. Try to clarify the facts: It is necessary to know the circumstances in which the bite took place. It must be determined whether it was an accident while the child was playing with the dog, which is the most frequent situation, or whether the bite was unprovoked, a fact that could reflect the probability of rabies infection.
3. It is mandatory to ask and know the vaccination status, both the victim and the aggressor, as well as the clinical condition of the dog at the time of the attack. It is also ideal that there is the possibility examination and monitoring of the dog by a veterinarian for at least ten days.
4. Take care of our children: Wash the wound as soon as possible with soap and water, cleaning all visible dirt. In case of arms or legs involvement, it is recommended to elevate the affected limb and immobilize it.
5. In any case, it is recommended to go to the pediatrician from the health center or pediatric emergencies, as surgical advice, X-rays and / or antibiotics may be necessary.
Dog bites are by far the most common. Fortunately, the chance of infection from this type of bite is low (5-15%). In adolescents and older children, the extremities are the most affected regions. However, in infants and young children, injuries to the face and neck are more common, and always require evaluation by a pediatric surgeon.
In theory, and in general, the most dangerous dogs are those trained for defense or attack. Some breeds, such as Pit Bulls, Dobermans or Rottweilers, can give rise to more serious bites, mainly due to the characteristics and strength of their jaws, and not so much to their reputation as violent dogs. If a dog is aggressive, the first to study is the owner, not the dog.
We should not be afraid of dogs, especially since our fear will also be transmitted to our children. Let's not stop them from getting close, playing with them and caressing them for hours. Let us teach them that when they wag their tails and bark they are usually happy, but that other signs such as low-pitched growls or if they raise their lips and show their teeth, can be signs of aggressiveness, and it may be advisable to move away wisely.
We must also indicate to our children that it is not appropriate to disturb dogs while they eat or hold objects in their mouths that they consider their property, as well as trying to displace them from their resting place. In the case of stray dogs, or in countries where cases of rabies are more common, prudence should mark our approach to these faithful friends. And if there is bad luck, in case of a bite, consult your pediatrician.
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