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Brain injuries in childhood


Even before we are born we are exposed to some types of diseases or disabilities. Among the most frequent are brain injuries, whose typology is very diverse, that is, their origin is due to different causes.

Brain injuries in childhood can be classified as congenital and acquireds. The first appear already from the very pregnancy and the second are the product of some complication in childbirth or even some illness or serious accident during childhood.

Some brain injuries occur before birth or during pregnancy:

- Hydrocephalus: increased cerebrospinal fluid within the brain

- Anencephaly: the child is born without a brain

- Microcephaly: brain with few cells.

- Macrocephaly: large brain.

Other lesions include porencephaly, coprocephaly, agiria, lissencephaly, pachygyria, agenesis of the corpus callosum, or micropoligiria.

They are alterations that the baby acquires at the time of delivery or even during infancy as a result of any serious illness or accident:

- Vascular pathology: hemorrhages.

- Head injuries.

- Specific childhood tumors

- Infections: such as meningitis.

- Anoxias: they occur at the time of delivery and consist of asphyxia (lack of oxygen), which can produce various neurological symptoms.

Cerebral palsy is one of the most common brain injuries. It is a posture and movement disorder, due to a non-degenerative lesion of the brain that occurs before its growth and development is complete. Cerebral palsy is often accompanied by other problems, although not necessarily caused by it, such as: epilepsy, hearing and visual disturbances, deformities and, only on some occasions, mental deficiency.

The causes can be:

-Prenatal: all causes that interfere with placental circulation, infectious diseases of the mother (measles), metabolic diseases of the mother (diabetes) and incompatibilities of the RH factor.

-Perinatal: anoxia, suffocation, trauma during delivery (forceps), pressure changes (caesarean sections), prematurity, vitamin K deficiency.

-Postnatal: trauma (fractures and head injuries), infections (meningitis and encephalitis), vascular disorders (bleeding, thrombosis and embolism), anoxia, carbon dioxide poisoning.

There is no cure but it does improve and treatment must be comprehensive. For this reason, early stimulation and subsequently multisensory rehabilitation as well as animal therapies are of vital importance. Play and social inclusion complement these treatments in children with brain injuries.

You can read more articles similar to Brain injuries in childhood, in the category of Mental Disorders on site.


Video: Childhood Head Injury - Josiahs Story (December 2021).