The normal thing is that the baby's stool has a brown colon, but families frequently consult pediatricians because their child emits a different color: "My baby poops green, what's wrong?"
And, the baby's poop can also be brown: green, white, red or yellowish, and each color tells us about their diet and also other factors.
The color of the stool depends on many different factors, among which the most important are:
-Pigments derived from bile (yellowish fluid that is produced in the liver, is stored in the gallbladder, and from there it is channeled to the small intestine).
-Dyes present in food.
-Speed at which the intestine moves.
-Green. This fact appears relatively frequently in young infants, especially when they take some brands of hydrolyzed milk. Hydrolyzed milk is a type of infant milk that is used to feed children with an allergy to cow's milk proteins. It is of great concern to families, but it is inconsequential and is not serious. Nor is it indicated to suspend the consumption of these milks.
Children with diarrhea have a rapid transit. That means that their intestines move very fast, and because of that increase in speed they can also pass greenish stools.
-White. The whitish stools translate a problem in the flow of the bile; that is, if there is a problem with the liver, gallbladder, or bile duct, the stool appears pale. This is the case in hepatitis, bile duct atresia, stones in the bile duct, etc. Therefore, white stools do usually translate some internal problem.
-Red. Red stools do not always mean that bleeding has occurred, although this must always be taken into account, especially in children with problems of hemorrhoids, fissures, constipation, etc. In healthy children, we always have to make a dietary memory of the last 24-72 hours. As the intake of some products can lead to a reddish staining effect of the stool (sweets, jellies, soft drinks, jams, tomato, peach, coloring E-120).
-Black. If we have a bleeding originating in the mouth, esophagus or stomach, the blood is partially digested, and it becomes very dark in color. But there are products that also stain fecal matter that color (licorice, blood sausage, spinach, dark chocolate, dark chocolate cookies, blueberries, grapes, squid ink, laxatives, rifampin, iron, bismuth, activated carbon).
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