Experiencing emotions such as joy, sadness, and disgust is common in both children and adults. All of them are joined by feeling fear. Fear in any of its forms in childhood is something universal, being present in all cultures. It has an adaptive value that makes us alert and thus be able to protect ourselves against possible risks. Therefore, being afraid is something positive and normal.
Fears are evolutionary and are considered normal at a certain age. And it is that the different stages of development are associated with the prevalence of some fears or others. That is, as the child grows, his psychological (cognitive abilities) and biological system matures; This shifts your focus to what you fear.
There are fears of each evolutionary stage. As the child develops, fears will appear and disappear, others persist and others return to a different nature. It is from six months of life when the baby begins to manifest some of these fears:
1- To loud noises. The sense of hearing is very important for the baby. By being in a state of constant attention, unexpected noises or strong make you startle and create fear.
2.- To strangers. From six months to about two years old, babies go through this stage. This fear is a natural state that favors the evolution and adaptation of the child to his environment, and that we must accept. That is, we should not force the child to accept those he rejects.
This fear arises from the stage known as separation anxiety, where the baby has no notion of time or space, and when his attachment figure leaves the visual field, he feels fear of abandonment.
It is a stage in which the child prefers to be only with the people he trusts. You can give more in some children than in others. It is a matter of the child's personality. When a stranger approaches, the child feels unprotected and restless, especially when the stranger's behavior is intrusive.
3- When he is separated from his parents. This behavior is of adaptive value since this type of anxiety produces in the child strategies to ensure that his parents are close and have protection against possible external dangers.
It is a fear similar to the fear of strangers. From infants, children recognize their parents and their attachment figure by smell, by tone of voice, and by four months they are able to recognize faces. He knows that they are the ones who take care of him and attend to his needs.
When he separates from them, he feels anguish and cries because he feels helpless. It is a common process in the development of the child.
When the child's fear is disproportionate to what causes it, it can be a sign that it exceeds normality or that it lasts over time during stages in which it should have already disappeared, that is when external help would be necessary.
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