Convention of Children's Rights

The Children's rights convention turns 21. "The Convention is not just a visionary document. Every day we see that it is an agreement that works - and its usefulness can be seen in the daily use that is made of it in one country after another, in policies, in the practice and in law - "says Carol Bellamy, UNICEF Executive Director. The right to identity and the role of the family are fundamental aspects of the Convention.

The rights correspond to all boys and girls, regardless of their place of birth or their parents, their gender, race, religion or social origin. This regime of rights stipulated in the Convention are the rights of all children throughout the world.

In many countries, children's lives are threatened by armed conflict, child labor, sexual exploitation and other human rights violations. Elsewhere, for example, children living in rural areas they may have fewer opportunities to obtain a good quality education or access health services than the children of the cities. The Convention affirms that such disparities - within the framework of societies - are also a violation of human rights. By calling on governments to guarantee the human rights of all children, the Convention seeks to address these types of inequalities.

The Convention attaches equal importance to all the rights of children. There is no 'small' right and no hierarchy of human rights. All the rights set forth in the Convention - both civil and political rights, as well as economic, social and cultural rights - are indivisible and interrelated, and their main objective is the integral personality of the child. The Convention on the Rights of the Child reflects a new perspective on the child. Children are not the property of their parents nor are they the helpless beneficiaries of a charity. They are human beings and the recipients of their own rights. The Convention offers an overview in which the child is an individual and the member of a family and a community, with rights and responsibilities adapted to the stage of their development. By recognizing the rights of children in this way, the Convention firmly directs its mandate towards the whole personality of the child.

- Reinforce human dignity fundamental.

- Underline and defend the role of the family in children's lives.

- Promotes respect for childhoodBut not at the cost of human rights or the responsibilities of others.

- Supports the principle of nondiscrimination.

- Establishes clear obligations.

It is an important text because it manages to awaken everyone's conscience about the reality of children. It is at the same time an essential instrument to promote the change of attitudes, and alert to the need to prevent problems such as sexual abuse, mistreatment, exploitation, abandonment and lack of respect for children's rights. .

The promotion and respect of the Rights of the Child They are, above all, the creation of social, economic and cultural conditions that ensure the well-being of the Child. Without a doubt, the Convention is important. But more important than the text itself is its application. Rights are only real when they are put into practice. And in this sense, there is still much to do. Reality shows that the compromise is not completely sealed. It is a long-term challenge and everyone, institutions, communities and each individual, must respond to it by recognizing rights and fighting to make them come true, every day, allowing us to build and promote a culture of peace and harmony among all.

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