Punishment has been a part of education for a long time. It is an educational technique used in order to eliminate or correct annoying or inappropriate behavior. Punishment is practiced normally and we see it quite frequently in our society.
This, perhaps, is due to the fact that it is an apparently effective and immediate tool that acts against inappropriate behavior. Or because those who are parents today were educated like that and by natural logic they educate as they did with them. One of the most common punishments in school is depriving the child of recess, but is it correct or not?
The reasons why punishments are used are very different, so much so that the child can often experience them as unfair. So it can cause negative consequences in children and its character is not very educational. One of the most frequently used punishments is the withdrawal of reinforcers or positive stimuli. That is, prohibit things that the child likes, such as enjoying recess.
The benefits of recess in children can be emotional, social, physical and cognitive. When the child enjoys recess, it helps them to vent and release the tensions that cause their attention to decrease due to the accumulation of many hours in the classroom. In addition, through the games they play in the yard, they can learn methods to manage stress. Likewise, it is a moment that helps the child to socialize.
It is a space where the child learns to share, cooperate, communicate, solve problems and conflicts. It is also a place where exercise and potentially combat inactivity by significantly reducing health risks. All the activities you do involve exploration, which will make you use all kinds of cognitive tools to solve problems, speak or create.
It is known that depriving something as punishment is often the easiest solution that teachers find to avoid unwanted behavior, but using this technique does not teach the child's alternative behaviors of behavior. It only creates more discomfort and frustration.
As an alternative to punishment, teachers must think of long-term strategies. That is, take more time to think about the reason for the child's bad behavior in order to obtain better results in the future. Families from home and teachers from school should:
- Take into account the emotions within education.
- Educate in values and maintain them.
- Educate empathy, teach to put oneself in the place of the other.
- Teach to respect differences.
Educating without punishment is difficult but necessary.
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