To date, there seem to be three diseases related to the reaction to gluten in the diet: wheat allergy, gluten sensitivity and celiac disease.
Currently its diagnosis requires a simple blood test accompanied by an intestinal biopsy. Regarding treatment, as the symptoms are produced by the presence of gluten or similar proteins in the diet, the recovery of the affected small intestine villi is only achieved after eliminating gluten from the diet in its entirety. But, What happens if we eliminate gluten from the child's diet without being diagnosed?
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that manifests itself through gastrointestinal symptoms of varying severity, including other symptoms derived from micronutrient malabsorption deficiency. But why not eliminate gluten from the diet unnecessarily =
- Eliminating gluten from children's diets is a challenge for families, not only because of the amount of products that contain gluten in their composition, but also because of how affected the family economy can be when having to consume these products, up to 3 times more expensive than the original product sometimes.
- There is currently a trend that ensures that the elimination of gluten from the diet in cases in which celiac disease has not been diagnosed, and even in cases in which there are no symptoms of intolerance, is beneficial for health. However, while there are no scientific studies to support it, there may be deficiencies caused by a gluten-free diet that can be caused unnecessarily.
- In addition, the unnecessary withdrawal of gluten from the diet can hinder diagnostic tests for celiac disease if necessary, covering up the characteristic inflammation of the villi and hindering its diagnosis, which may cause an increase in the severity of the disease.
- Group B vitamins are one of the possible deficiencies that a gluten-free diet entails.
- The amount of ingested fiber is also compromised, since cereals, especially if they are whole, are a great source.
- Variations in the intestinal microflora have been observed, favoring the presence of bacteria harmful to health, after the elimination of gluten from the diet.
- Cereals, in addition to gluten, contain inulin, a natural prebiotic. Prebiotics are food ingredients that the body cannot digest and that act in the gastrointestinal tract, stimulating the growth of beneficial bacteria present there. Given the close communication that exists between the bacterial population present in the gastrointestinal tract and the immune system, This imbalance in the flora has a direct negative impact on health.
In the same way that if you are not allergic to peanuts there is no reason to avoid them, there is no need to avoid gluten if an intolerance has not been diagnosed.
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