Parents are the main and best stimulators of the baby's language. They are also largely responsible for the baby's learning due to its emotional balance and social adaptation.
The baby's first language is the expression, through babbling, smiling, crying and other sounds, of feelings and needs. This is how they communicate at the beginning. Then, little by little, babies are acquiring a more fluid language, reaching the domain of verbal communication.
Initially, language arises by imitation. Children imitate the movements and sounds their parents make when they articulate words. In this process, the understanding of what is heard and what is expressed is also important.
To prevent language learning difficulties, a series of aspects must be taken into account that must be promoted to invite you to acquire the language. So that the baby feels the need to communicate with the people around him, the following exercises can be put into practice, as a game, and from an early age:
1. Exercise the movements of the organs involved in phonation. Think sucking, swallowing, chewing, absorbing, blowing, etc. You can use resources such as: make snouts (front, right, left); send kisses; blow with straws in water, whistles, grinders, noisemakers, flutes; blow up balloons; gargle; play with facial expressions (laugh, fright, cry, surprise ...); ring a bell or any sound instrument and have the child look for it. The child will imitate the movements executed very slowly and will become aware of the organs that he is training.
2. Use short words to address the child. With 1 or 2 syllables, such as 'come', 'take' ... almost always the same, in a clear way and exaggerating the intonation and gradually increasing the number of words to increase your vocabulary.
3. Use simple sentences and cut to facilitate understanding. The use of the phrases should be followed by a demonstration to make it easier for the baby to identify their content. Therefore, they must be short, simple, and associated with actions such as 'mom bathes the baby', 'baby drinks milk', etc.
4. Songs, stories and riddles. From 2 or 3 years old, children can already learn verses, songs, and very short stories. Riddles, tongue twisters, and lullabies and rhymes can help enhance language and memory.
5. Stimulate the spontaneous expression of language. Talk to him for as long as possible taking advantage of any daily circumstance such as: visits to the park, the zoo, the supermarket, the swimming pool ...
6. Questions with different answers. Use questions that not only generate affirmative or negative answers (yes or no), but also favor the choice and naming of things.
7. Respect his times and give him the opportunity to speak. It is very important that you try to talk with him respecting his rhythm, his effort, and that you continue to encourage him with awards and praise. If the child is wrong, avoid criticizing him.
8. Encourage him to verbally ask for what he wants. To stimulate your baby's language, avoid assuming that you understand your child's gestural attitude. This way, your baby will work hard to tell you the things he needs to communicate.
9. Performs activities aimed at improving their psychomotor skills. Balance, orientation in space and, in general, dexterity and precision in movements: playing with sand, riding a bicycle, painting, drawing, playing with clay, etc. Thus, you will be helping him to express himself, and to communicate socially.
In the event that you observe a linguistic abnormality or a delay in your baby's oral expression, you suspect some type of hearing impairment or slowness in his psychomotor retardation ... you should go to the pediatrician so that his problem is diagnosed and treated.
Juana Lorente Aledo.
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