"Come, study" is a phrase that parents repeat regularly to our children. That is when our children go into their room, put their heads in their book for a long time and, when we go to take their lesson or the exam grade arrives, we realize that they do not know it, perhaps they do not understand well either the agenda. Didn't they study it?
Perhaps the error comes from a bad or non-existent study technique. And it is that, to study you also learn. Have you taught your son to study? Do you know if the school has given him guidelines to make all that information his own? Do you know how to assimilate it so that it becomes part of his knowledge? On our site we tell you which are the 4 most effective techniques for elementary school children.
There are many guidelines that help to study: having a suitable environment, good lighting, eliminating stimuli and distractions ... However, above all those tips, what we must achieve is that the child studies effectively. The prestigious Harvard University conducted a study on different learning methods, which are summarized in these 4 techniques:
1. Take notes by hand: the best way to retain ideas is to write them down. Although we are in the age of technology and our children are digital natives, we must avoid computers and tablets. It is preferable to encourage the child to write, to make summaries and outlines of the agenda. In this way, it will be better retaining the ideas that it has to learn, and that is that when typing on a keyboard, speed means that the brain does not get to process knowledge in the same way as when we write by hand.
2. Reading the text: It is preferable that children do a first reading of the text, this reading must be in depth, in which the child understands what he reads. You can even read aloud as it encourages concentration and attention. The child has to focus on understanding what he is hearing. Experts recommend that this reading be done only once, and before doing a second reading, try to make an effort to remember all the content.
3. Take breaks: not by studying many hours in a row the child will achieve better results in studies. In fact, it is proven that after a certain time, the child's concentration and attention decrease considerably. The smaller it is, the less retentive capacity it will have in a sustained time. In order to avoid distressing and tiring you excessively, it is recommended that you take short breaks. You can stop between one topic and another, or one subject and another. 5 minutes of getting up, drinking water, talking with the child are enough. However, avoid that those 5 minutes are to watch television or play the tablet, since then we will have lost the battle to the study.
4. Alternate subjects: we usually force the child to finish the math homework before starting the language homework. However, Harvard experts tell us that it is a mistake. They explain that changing the subject is very beneficial for the brain and, far from promoting deconcentration, it reactivates attention and gains study quality.
And, an extra tip that all parents should apply: encourage, reinforce and not overwhelm.
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