Just giving milk to children is not enough. For calcium to be absorbed by your body and promote the strengthening of bones, it is essential that they also eat other foods rich in vitamin D.
According to experts, more than half of Spanish children, for example, have a deficiency in vitamin D and only one in ten takes the necessary calcium to prevent problems such as fractures, rickets and osteoporosis in the bones, dental disorders and tetany (cramps muscle, seizures, and low blood calcium) in adulthood.
Bread, milk, calcium and vitamin D are essential to provide the body with essential nutrients and thus maintain a good state of health. Calcium is the fundamental constituent of children's teeth and bones, and the most abundant mineral in the human body. Experts advise more physical exercises, better nutrition and more exposure of children to the sun, so that they have healthy bones.
Vitamin D is involved in the absorption of calcium, and is found in foods such as egg yolks, fish liver oils, cheeses, butter, margarine, and in fatty fish such as salmon, tuna and sardines, rich in omega fatty acids 3. As for vegetables, as is the case with chard and spinach, the amount of vitamin D is minimal.
Recent studies ensure that vitamin D can prevent some diseases such as hypertension, osteoporosis, certain forms of cancer and various autoimmune diseases.
However, there are some cereals that have added vitamin D to make up for this deficiency. Children are required to consume between 4 and 5 milk measures daily, supplemented with vitamin D if possible, practice sports, and be exposed to the sun's rays, responsible for generating this vitamin in the body, whenever possible. Their health will depend on all that as adults.
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