Children with Asperger's Syndrome are characterized by having peculiar and idiomatic areas of special interest. They are interested in specific intellectual areas such as mathematics, science or history, geography, maps, astronomy, airplanes, or trains. These interests may change over time, but other times they persist and into adulthood they form the basis for a profession.
The accurate and safe diagnosis can only be made by a specialist doctor, as well as its treatment. However, there are some characteristics that parents can observe when their children are between 2 and 7 years of age to identify Asperger's Syndrome. Normally, a child with Asperger Syndrome tends to present some of these characteristics:
1. Social skills and emotional control
- Does not normally enjoy social contact. He relates better with adults than with children his own age. Not interested in sports
- Has problems playing with other children. Do not understand the implicit rules of the game. He wants to impose his own rules, and always win. Maybe that's why I prefer to play alone
- It is difficult for him to leave home. He doesn't like going to school. And presents conflicts with his colleagues
- It is difficult for him to identify his feelings and those of others. Has more tantrums than normal. Cry easily, for everything.
- Has difficulty understanding the intentions of others. It is naive. It has no malice. Is sincere
2. Communication skills
- He does not usually look you in the eyes when he talks to you. He believes in everything he is told, and does not understand the ironies. He cares little about what others say. You have trouble understanding a long conversation, and you change the subject when you are confused.
- He speaks a lot, in a high and peculiar tone, and uses pedantic language, extremely formal and with an extensive vocabulary. Make up idiosyncratic words or expressions.
- Sometimes he seems to be absent, absorbed in his thoughts.
3. Comprehension skills
- Feel difficulty understanding the broad context of a problem. Difficult to understand a complex question and takes time to answer.
- Often does not understand criticism or punishment. Just as he does not understand why he must behave in different ways, according to a social situation.
- It has an exceptional memory to remember data and dates.
- Has a special interest in mathematics and science in general.
- Learn to read only at a young age.
- Shows little imagination and creativity, for example, to play with dolls.
- Has a peculiar sense of humor.
4. Specific interests
- When a particular topic fascinates you, you spend most of your free time thinking, speaking or writing about it, regardless of the opinion of others
- Compulsively repeat certain actions or thoughts to feel safe
- He likes routine. It does not tolerate unforeseen changes. Has elaborate rituals that must be followed
5. Movement skills
- Has poor motor coordination. He runs at a strange pace, and has no dexterity to catch a ball.
- Has trouble getting dressed, buttoning or making a bow with the laces.
6. Other features
- Fear, anguish due to sounds like those of an electrical appliance
- Light rubbing on the skin or head
- Tendency to flail or rock when excited or distressed
- Lack of sensitivity to low levels of pain
- Delay in acquiring speech, in few cases
Unusual grimaces, twitching or facial tics
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