Ultrasound is one of the most widely used diagnostic techniques in the medical field today. It is used to visualize the organs and internal structures of the body live.
In addition to traditional ultrasound, a pregnancy may also be performed during transvaginal ultrasound. We tell you what it consists of and what type of data it collects.
A small transducer is used: a hand-controlled device to direct high-frequency sound waves (not radiation) to the organ to be scanned. Sound waves collide and bounce off the various tissues of the body and are picked up by the same transducer. A computer processes the reflected sound waves and converts them into images.
The transducers that are used can rest on the skin, such as the abdomen, joints etc. Or, to be able to visualize certain areas of the body, they can be inserted through different parts such as the mouth (transesophageal), anus (transrectal), vagina (transvaginal). The latter is widely used by gynecologists for examinations of women.
It is a test used to view a woman's uterus, ovaries, tubes, cervix, and pelvic area at any time in her life. During the time of pregnancy, it is also the method of choice in first trimester ultrasound.
Some of the reasons for submitting the woman to this examination, in addition to the routine control, would be:
- Abnormal findings on physical examination, such as cysts, tumors, or other neoplasms.
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding and menstrual problems.
- Infertility study.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- Pelvic pain.
Some ultrasounds require the patient to arrive with a certain preparation: full bladder, fasting, etc. However, for this ultrasound it is not necessary to come prepared in any way.
Upon arrival for consultation, this is what will happen, after taking the anamnesis (medical history, history, reason for consultation):
- Undress from the waist down.
- Lie down on the stretcher, placing your feet on the stirrups.
- The gynecologist will place a probe cover, and apply a gel to facilitate the passage of the waves.
- When inserting the probe into the vagina, it is important that you try to relax (take a deep breath, and when releasing the air try not to be tense). It is not painful, but it can be somewhat uncomfortable for some women, especially if the pelvic floor muscles are tense when nervous.
- The doctor will study your internal organs, assessing normality or looking for any alteration.
Ultrasound is a safe technique for women and in the case of pregnancy for the fetus as well. Provides a lot of information, and is extremely useful in the medical field. So surely at some point in your life you will be subjected to one.
You can read more articles similar to Transvaginal ultrasound in the first trimester of pregnancy, in the category of Stages of pregnancy on site.