Throughout their school life, children will have to memorize things like poetry, dates, multiplication tables, mathematical formulas ... But it is also true that sometimes they learn them without fully understanding what they mean or what they are for.
Exercising memory is very good, it is the ability that allows us to remember things, and children need it to be very active throughout the learning stage. However, it is very important that children understand what they read, that they understand what they are learning at school. On our site we are going to tell you how to teach children to understand and not to learn by heart.
Memory plays a fundamental role when it comes to studying. But HOh, what differentiates learning by heart from memorizing:
- Memorize It happens when the child repeats a phrase that he has read several times but does not understand.
- Memorize It consists of carrying out a preliminary work of understanding the content to be able to explain it in your own words. This is what we are interested in, this is how we can help children to memorize, understand and explain in their own words. How to do it?
1 - When children are young resort to gamesFor example, it is much more fun to learn the seasons of the year, the months, or the days of the week with a song or poetry.
2 - We can also place a blackboard in the room child, they can go from being students to teachers. They can write definitions, diagrams or concepts on it and explain them aloud, as teachers do, so in addition to appearing more fun, visual memory comes into play, when seeing the contents on the board and when reciting aloud, they can also better fix knowledge.
3 - We must teach children to don't overlook words or concepts they don't understand. We can teach them to substitute words that seem complicated to them with a synonym that is closer to them.
4 - A trick that does not fail: the schemes. It is one of the best ways to study, so the child gets used to not studying mechanically what comes in his book, word for word, but to organizing and preparing a synthesis of the content he has to learn.
5 - Above all, we must teach children to ask everything they don't understand. In no case should they ignore and learn by heart. If they don't understand photosynthesis, ask them, if they don't understand what the water cycle is, ask.
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