For child's social development there are many factors, and one of them is learning to speak. A child's speech ability is shaped at several stages. At the time of going to kindergarten, most children pronounce all the syllables correctly and speak the language fluently.
The phases of speech development in a toddler are as follows:
First year of life: stupid, babbling, first words
The first months of a child's life are called the 'melody period'. At this time, the toddler communicates with the world through screaming and crying. About 2-3. of the month of life is already stupid, i.e. pronouncing sounds such as "gli", "bis", "ebw". The next stage is babbling and echolalia, i.e. imitating overheard sounds. Although even then the toddler can say "ma-ma" or "ta-ta", he pronounces these syllables accidentally and does not bind them with his parents. Only at the end of the first year of life does the child speak the first words consciously.
Second year of life: a period of expression
At this stage, the child masters the vowels and subsequent consonants and pronounces more and more words. He also tries to put them into sentences, but he does it very awkwardly. Very typical for this phase is pronouncing only the beginning or end of the word, for example, the child does not say "but" His vocabulary is limited mainly to nouns and sonorities, such as "hau hau" or "muuu".
Third year of life: first sentences
A three-year-old child can already know up to 1500 words, and his skills are increasingly surprising his parents. He no longer utters individual words or syllables, but tries to put them together in phrases, at the beginning of two words, with time getting longer. Sentences already have a subject and a judgment, the toddler begins to ask questions or use an imperative form. Although the child is getting better at grammar, his pronunciation is still clumsy and lisp.
Further development of the child's speech
At the kindergarten stage, the child's social development is very dynamic, and his vocabulary, pronunciation and ability to build full sentences are getting better. Mostly a 6-year-old child is already an "adult" language user.
Remember that you can actively support at every stagersocial development of the child, including the development of his speech. The more the toddler hears, the more he remembers and tries to repeat. Therefore, speak to him without distorting words, so that he assimilates their correct pronunciation, read and tell him fairy tales, encourage contacts with peers, so that the child "trains" communication. When the toddler learns to read himself, try to instill in him the love of books, because thanks to this his dictionary will become rich, colorful and beautiful.
- Niedzielski A., Kotowski M. Stages of speech development.
//www.mp.pl/pacjent/pediatria/prawidlowyrozwoj/rozwojfizyczny/52294,etapy-rozwoju-mowy. Access date: November 8, 2018.
- Kamińska B., Siebert B. Basics of speech development in children. Family Medicine Forum 2012, volume 6, No. 5, 236-243.