Anemia in pregnancy, or what?
Anemia is a medical condition that tells you that the blood lacks red blood cells to carry oxygen to the tissues. There are over 400 different anemias, some of which are more common in pregnancy than others. Future mothers usually have iron deficiency anemia. The scale is very large because it is estimated that around 15-25% of pregnancies this problem is current.
Why is pregnancy anemia so common? Because the future mother's body produces more blood, which automatically reduces the saturation of red blood cells. There is a situation when it arises disproportion between the volume of erythrocytes and plasma. The good news is that quickly captured anemia is relatively easy to treat. However, it is important to monitor your condition regularly by performing blood tests.
Signs of anemia during pregnancy
The first signs of anemia are often ignored. In the first trimester, when a woman is faced with fatigue and drowsiness, most often she does not suspect that her worse mood is associated with erythrocyte deficiency. However, over time, the symptoms become more pronounced. It is worth paying attention to:
- weakness, fatigue
- fast or irregular heartbeat
- pale skin, hair and nails,
- pain in the chest,
- cold hands and feet
- problems with concentration, distraction.
What is the risk of untreated anemia in pregnancy?
Pregnant anemia should not be ignored. When the tissues do not receive enough oxygen, many organs stop functioning properly. Not to mention that the future mom's mood is getting worse. There are also serious threats such as: giving birth to a child with low weight, the risk of premature birth, and even the death of a young mother. In addition, when too little iron is produced in the body, it is felt excessive fatigue and the body is more exposed to infections.
Anemia in pregnancy: the most common causes
In addition to iron deficiency anemia, there are other causes of anemia in pregnancy. Second place is folate deficiency anemia. In this case, the cause is a deficiency of folic acid, vitamin B12, the problem is particularly often observed in women who did not take during pregnancy and during the period of applying for a child of folic acid. A vitamin deficiency also indicates a poor diet that is lacking cereals, leafy vegetables, bananas, legumes and melons.
Vitamin B12 is necessary for the body to produce red blood cells. That is why it is so important to supply it in the right quantities. It should be remembered, however, that sometimes the problem lies elsewhere - in poor assimilation and here the causes of anemia need to be looked elsewhere. Sometimes the problem, of which anemia in pregnancy is only a symptom, is serious illness, for example celiac disease.
Treatment of anemia during pregnancy
Anemia in pregnancy is treated by giving well absorbed vitamins and dietary supplements. This is usually enough to improve blood results. However, keep in mind that the side effects of supplementation can be problems with defecation. In extreme cases, after anemia, a blood transfusion becomes necessary.