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Leukocytes in urine in adults and children - where do they come from and what do they indicate?

Leukocytes in urine in adults and children - where do they come from and what do they indicate?

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Leukocytes, otherwise known as white blood cells, they play a very important role in the human body. They are responsible for our natural immunity and protect the body against the harmful effects of viruses and bacteria. Their presence in the urine is low is normal, but must not be more than 4 to 5 in the field of view during laboratory urine testing. When leukocytes in the urine occur in greater numbers, this may indicate urinary tract infections and can not be underestimated.

Leukocytes in urine - the reasons for their increased presence

Urine leukocytes occurring in greater quantity than generally accepted norms most often indicate urinary tract infections. The most vulnerable to this disease are women and girls. Other possible causes of increased white blood cell counts in your urine are improper hygiene of intimate areas, taking some antibiotics kidney stones, nephritis, urinary tract cancer and even pregnancy.

Doctors note that during pregnancy for some time, elevated levels of leukocytes in the blood may persist, however, if their presence is also accompanied by other ailments of the urinary tract, an infection cannot be ruled out. Therefore, if urine leukocytes are detected during pregnancy, immediate treatment is required.

Symptoms associated with increased urine leukocytes

Leukocytes in the urine are most often accompanied by other symptoms that indicate inflammation of the urinary tract. These symptoms apply to both adults and children. Belong to them:

  • burning and pain when passing urine;
  • a feeling of pressure on the bladder even immediately after visiting the toilet;
  • more frequent urination;
  • fever and chills;
  • abdominal and lower abdominal pain;
  • change in the color and smell of urine (it becomes cloudy and has a bad odor).

How to do urine test correctly?

Leukocytes in urine are detected during a standard urine test. To do this, collect urine in a special container and take it to the laboratory. It is important that urine be tested first given on a given day, that's why it's best take a sample in the morning on the first visit to the toilet.

Before urinating you should wash the intimate area using a mild liquid for intimate hygiene and rinse thoroughly with clean water. We collect urine for testing from the so-called. middle stream. This means that you should leave the initial urine stream and its tip. Correctly collected urine is a guarantee of reliable measurement of the level of leukocytes in urine. It is also important quick delivery of the sample to the laboratory, so it's best to do it right after urinating.

Leukocytes in urine - treatment

When high levels of leukocytes are found in the urine, see a doctor as soon as possible who will order the correct therapy. Its purpose is to fight infection. Most often this type of disease is treated at home, using antibiotics. However, in the most severe cases, you may need to stay in a hospital.
During and after treatment it is necessary maintaining proper hygiene of intimate areas. So let's wash after every use of the toilet and always wipe with a clean towel. During treatment, if the disease affects a woman, it should also refrain from sexual intercourse. It is also worth supporting the therapy with natural rich foods with vitamin C and B and cranberry juice, which is a natural remedy for urinary tract problems.

Leukocytes in the urine of a child

Elevated levels of leukocytes in urine do not apply only to adults. It is often also found in children. The most vulnerable to its occurrence are girls due to the anatomical structure of the urinary system. As with adults, leukocytes in the urine of a child may indicate the development of urinary tract infections. It is especially dangerous in the youngest and can lead to serious complications, including renal failure.
Therefore, if you experience symptoms that indicate inflammation of the urinary tract or if you find elevated levels of leukocytes in your urine, you should immediately go to the child's doctor who will order appropriate treatment for your child. To avoid urinary tract infections in children should be above all take care of proper hygiene of intimate areas. Negligence in this regard is the most common cause of inflammation of the urinary system in children.