Small child

Eye defects in children - how to recognize them and when to see a doctor?


Eye defects are becoming more common in children. Unfortunately, they are rarely diagnosed early, especially in several-year-olds. The youngest children are unaware of their existence.

How do you know if your child sees less? What signals to look for and when to go to an ophthalmologist for an eye test? Do you always need glasses or contact lenses? Read!

Visual defects in children: prevention

At the beginning it is worth mentioning prevention. Children see worse because their eyes are not subjected to healthy stimulation.

First of all, make sure that the child spent a minimum of 2 hours in the open air every day. This is very important, because outside the home the toddler has the opportunity to train his eye by looking freely into the distance. Spending time on sport and recreation significantly improves eyesight. That's what all ophthalmologists say. Therefore, encourage your child to ride a bike, rollerskates or scooters.

Secondly limit the time spent in front of the computer, tablet or TV. Even modern devices tire the eyes of children. The toddler's eye is not yet adapted for longer gazing at the screen.

Third, pay attention to your diet.

The most important vitamins that have a positive effect on the eyes are natural antioxidants: vitamins A, C and E.

Vitamin A allows good vision during the day and at night, its deficiency leads to chicken blindness. It prevents the eye from drying out and the negative effects of free radicals that lead to macular degeneration. Vitamin A can be found in carrots, red peppers, eggs, roe and milk.

Vitamin C is necessary for the production of collagen, which strengthens the blood vessels of the eyes and prevents rapid aging. Its best source are tomatoes, sauerkraut, broccoli, parsley. Vitamin E, a strong antioxidant that strengthens and protects the eyes, we will find in fish, almonds, hazelnuts, oils.

In addition to vitamins, care should be taken to include minerals important for the eyes in the diet - zinc and selenium - present in pumpkin seeds, fish. It is also key luteinthat protects the eyes from harmful UV rays. We'll find her in kale, lettuce and spinach. The eyes will not function properly without Omega 3 acids which provide the eyeball with adequate nutrition and protect against the negative effects of free radicals.

They are important also games that have a positive effect on the eyesight, for example the former popular puppeteer. It is worth encouraging the child to close his eyes and cover them with his hands during the day to let them rest. You can propose to brush your teeth with your eyes closed or eat in the dark. Short breaks during the day allow for quick relaxation. An additional benefit is the sharpening of the other senses.

It is also recommended reading to the child to sleep and asking the toddler to have his eyes closed at that time. A similar exercise can be performed when a child listens to a fairy tale on a CD.

In order to strengthen the eye muscles It is a good idea to initiate play in which the child searches for objects of a given color in the area without looking away, just by moving the eyeball.

Does my child see well?

A child's eyes sometimes fail. A toddler may see things badly in given periods of life, which does not always indicate visual impairment in children. Sometimes worse vision is the result stress, sleeplessness, fatigue. The child may see worse for emotional reasons, in other words, unconsciously use a defense mechanism in which he does not see things that worry him or that he does not accept.

Sometimes, eyesight deteriorates in difficult times in life, np. during parental development or when going to school. When the sight defect turns out to be minor, at a level of 0.5 or 1 diopter, some experts suggest so as not to hurry with the purchase of glasses, because these do not solve the problem, but only mask it. Instead, it is better to observe the child and do the examination in some time. Practice shows that a small defect often goes back.

Sometimes vision defects in children are the result of other disorders. The discovery of and fight against health problems also helps reduce vision defects.

How do you know if your child has poor vision? Eye defects in children: symptoms:

Note the following signals:

  • the child sits down near the TV,
  • refuses to assemble the puzzle,
  • he doesn't like "find the difference" games,
  • squints his eyes while looking into the distance,
  • often complains of eye pain, headache,
  • has trouble concentrating.

The most common vision defects in a child

The most common vision problems in a child include:

  • hyperopia - far-sightedness. Children are born with hyperopia (+ 2, + 3 diopters), which in most cases disappears over time. Unfortunately, not everyone. Hyperopia children can see distant objects very well, but they cannot see clearly up close. Toddler with this problem usually does not want to solve the puzzle, is not interested in letters, reading, often complains of a headache. Wearing glasses is not always necessary. It is necessary to check your eyes once a year.
  • myopia - most often develops around 7-8 years old or 12-13 years old, when the child works more time with his eyesight, begins to read, write, devote time to study. With this vision defect, the child can clearly see objects close by, he has trouble with things farther away. Wearing glasses or contact lenses is recommended.
  • różnowzroczność - it is rare, in about 1% of children - it concerns a situation where one eye sees the child very well and the other much less clearly. Most often it is necessary to wear prescription glasses with one eye covering the better viewer.
  • astigmatism - the child sees a distorted picture both from near and far. It is necessary to wear glasses with cylindrical glasses.

What do the experts say?

Doctors call for screening for preschoolers. They suggest that at least once around 5-6 birthdays eye examinations, and certainly before going to school. This is very important, because in this way you can prevent problems with reading, writing, hyperactivity and worse school results that may discourage your child from further efforts.

Voices are also appearing more and more to train a child's eyesight. Sometimes the wise prophylaxis mentioned above avoids eye problems and wearing glasses.