Scabies in children - what causes the disease?
It is not true that scabies are a disease of neglected children, whose parents do not sufficiently care about hygiene. Scabies contagious diseasethat can touch anyone. Of course, they are more exposed to it immunocompromised children, but it is not a requirement but a predisposing factor.
Scabies in children is a disease caused by scabies, small parasites belonging to the arachnid cluster. The female is about 0.3 mm and the male is 0.15 mm, i.e. they are small and often difficult to see with the naked eye. parasites crawl on the skin, boring tunnels under the skin, forming burrows in which eggs are laid. After about 2-3 weeks, adults develop from eggs and this is how the disease develops.
Scabies in children - how can you get infected?
It is widely believed that Scabies can be infected by sexual contact. It's true, but it's not the only way to get infected. Illness can happen spread through contact with clothing, skin or sleeping in one bed with the diseased person.
An hour after contact with a sick person is enough for the parasite to get under the skin. Scabies develops within 3-4 weeks. During this period, although you may not notice your symptoms, it will be a source of infection for others. The disease is spread unconsciously.
What are the symptoms of scabies in adults and children?
Due to the fact that scabies often have whole families, it is worth getting to know the symptoms of the disease that are characteristic for adults and children. Symptoms may vary for people of different ages. In adults and older children most often scabies manifest itself through:
- skin lesions in the form of nodules, papules, vesicles,
- the lesions are located especially between the fingers of the hands, in skin folds, on the elbows, around the navel, the nipples, on the genitals,
- itching of the skin, especially after warming up the body, after a warm bath, on a hot day.
The infection brings slightly different symptoms scabies in infants and young children. It is worth paying attention to:
- burning and itching of the skin - at the very beginning, often mistaken for an allergic reaction,
- itching that intensifies at night and after a warm bath,
- papules, pustules, blisters on the head, neck, hands, soles of the feet and skin folds,
- in babies, scabies usually causes blistering and very often bacterial superinfection.
Treatment of scabies in children
Treatment of scabies in children requires visits to a dermatologist, who, based on medical history and physical examination, makes a diagnosis and recommends treatment. You should see a specialist as soon as possible to receive medicines in the form of ointments and gels for external use. The whole family must undergo treatment, even if no other symptoms were present. It is very important to disinfect objects, wash clothes and bedding. Until complete recovery, the child should stay at home so as not to infect other people.
It is very important to recognize the problem as soon as possible and start treatment to avoid any unpleasant complications.
Scabies in children - anyone can get infected
Scabies is a very old disease, the first reports of it date back to biblical times. The most cases are recorded in autumn and winter, especially among children attending kindergartens and schools. The second most-affected group are seniors. It is estimated that scabies are a problem in about 5% of the population. Unfortunately, scabies spread very quickly in children, anyone can become infected with the disease, and its treatment is still a challenge.