Small child

Is this flu? Is "only" a cold?


Most parents can to intuitively distinguish between flu and colds. However, this is not always easy. In moments of doubt, when we wonder if a toddler "just" caught a cold, or is it something more serious - differences that are worth remembering are helpful. The child's flu starts suddenly. A joyful child who did not have any symptoms of the disease unexpectedly begins to get high fever, becomes listless, drowsy, refuses to eat. He complains of a headache, stomach ache, can even vomit ... The diagnosis is one: child's flu. How to deal with the disease?

Influenza in a child: symptoms

Your child may have flu different symptoms and individual course.

AT newborns and infants often occurs in the form of high temperature, not associated with other symptoms. Small children usually the disease passes with high fever above 39 degrees, with a sudden decrease in mood, weakness. In addition to what can be confusing to parents - a sick child can complain of stomach ache, experience nausea and vomiting. Because of this, flu in a child can be confused with intoxication and stomach problems.

The most common flu symptoms in children are:

  • high temperature - usually above 39 degrees
  • chills,
  • apathy,
  • weakness - the child is lying down, not willing to play,
  • refusing food
  • Headache,
  • stomach pain, nausea, vomiting
  • weakness, whole body pain
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • dry cough.

How is flu different from the common cold?

The flu has a sudden onset, the cold is slowly developing. Children with flu have a high temperature (above 39 degrees), in the case of colds, the elevated temperature is low or much lower than in the course of the flu. Flu literally knocks you down and even extremely energetic children get you to bed. A cold child usually plays and is active. Flu is accompanied by a headache, possibly a sore throat and a dry cough. The child is drowsy, he can complain of eye pain, every now and then he falls asleep, does not want to play, refuses his favorite dishes.

Child's flu - how does it get infected?

The flu is caused by viruses that mutate in every flu season (November to April), so you can get the disease many times. It is very simple, because the flu spreads through the droplets, it can be infected very quickly, even by shaking hands or playing with the same objects. For this reason, many kindergarten children and whole families often get the flu.

How long does the child have the flu?

Generally healthy children, without chronic diseases and reduced immunity, have a fever and complain of muscle aches for 2-4 days, however, other symptoms of the disease - coughing and fatigue - can last for 1 to 2 weeks.

In young children, flu often causes laryngitis, a barking cough can also lead to pneumonia and bronchitis. Sometimes they are a complication bacterial infections - for example, the ear.

The disease may be worse in the youngest children - up to two years old, as well as chronically ill - for asthma, diabetes, neurological diseases.

Influenza in a child: treatment

Influenza as a disease caused by viruses is treated symptomatically.

A sick child should stay at home, be able to calmly grow up, rest, sleep. You should often give your child fluids, making sure that the child does not dehydrate. Antibiotics that are effective in treating bacterial infections will not affect influenza. In addition, it is necessary to control the child's body temperature and, if necessary, lower it with antipyretic drugs designed for the youngest. When a child complains about cold, care should be taken to cover it with an extra blanket. In addition, it is advisable to ventilate the rooms in which the child is staying frequently.

In immunocompromised or chronically ill patients, it is sometimes advisable to give antiviral drugs (they are effective when given during the first two days of the disease). Always, if there is a higher risk of complications from influenza due to a healthy condition, you should consult your doctor.