Pregnancy / Childbirth

Hypotrophic: low birth weight of the child


When you imagine your newborn baby, you see a crumb. A small creature that looks great in a size 56 rompers. You don't even think that your newborn baby, son or daughter will be much smaller, and even the clothes for premature babies will be much too big. You finally hear it - hypotrophic, doctors talk about low birth weight and look at you with concentration. They ask about diseases, the course of pregnancy, perform tests, carefully watch the dates of subsequent feeding, all to discover the cause of low birth weight and to catch up as quickly as possible.

Should a baby's low birth weight really worry? How does hypotrophy develop after infancy? Read!

Hypotrophic, or who?

6 out of 100 children are born with a weight less than 2.5 kilograms, other sources indicate that hypotrophy may affect up to every 20 children. When a baby is born much smaller than his peers, this is called low birth weight.

A small starting weight is natural for babies born prematurely - before 37 weeks of pregnancy. It is worrying when low weight appears in babies born on time - between 38 and 40 weeks of pregnancy.

Why is a child born small?

There are many reasons why an infant may be born smaller than its peers.

The reason may be a small height and weight of parents, tendency to give birth to children with low birth weight in a given family - and this is the most common cause, which over time resolves itself and is rarely associated with unpleasant consequences in the future.

Low birth weight is also included characteristic for twins who are born ahead of time, because for natural reasons they do not have enough space and development opportunities.

The reason can be placental problems (premature aging of the placenta, partial detachment), as well as preeclampsia, which reduces the blood supply to the child.

Risky is also high blood pressure during pregnancy, which can reduce the flow of oxygen and valuable nutrients to the toddler, as well as kidney disease, as well as smoking by future mother or inhaling tobacco smoke.

Hypotrophy sometimes develops as a result of pregnant infection - chickenpox, influenza, cytomegalovirus.

What problems can be associated with low birth weight?

Although low birth weight is usually not a serious symptom, unfortunately in some situations it can lead to:

  • breathing problems known as respiratory distress syndrome,
  • high blood sugar and feeding problems
  • difficulty keeping warm
  • too much red blood cells
  • increased risk of infection.

The lower the birth weight, the higher the risk of problems is. Some studies have shown that premature babies have a greater risk of developing diabetes, being overweight or obese in the long term.

Children with low birth weight require more vigilant follow-up after delivery. In the first days they may lose more than their heavier peers.

It is very important to watch frequent feeding, waking newborns every 2 hours for milk. Obviously, the best for babies will be mother's milk, but if breastfeeding fails, you should choose the best mix in consultation with your doctor.