The child does not have to complain about cold, it is enough to play in the cold for a long time and insufficient protection of the skin for the delicate skin to be damaged. Then what?
Frostbite in a child
Children are particularly prone to frostbite. On cold days, especially their toes, hands, ears, nose and cheeks should be protected. When the temperature drops, blood drains, the risk of rapid cooling. The frostbitten part of the body gets very cold and turns yellow or white.
Frostbite is nothing but skin damage that occurs at low temperatures and high humidity. The lesions usually have a heterogeneous surface and are painful, burning or itchy for the child.
When we see the signs of frostbite, gradually cool the places. However, you also need to do it carefully. Do not put your hands or feet on the radiator, put your hands in hot water, because you can only irritate the skin structure even more.
A much better solution is to soak the cooled parts of the body in warm water (25-30 degrees, after a while you can slightly raise this temperature to 35-40 degrees). For places that cannot be immersed (e.g. ears), it is worth applying a compress (but do not press or rub!). Hold it well for about half an hour / hour until the skin is pink.
It is worth giving your child a warm (but not hot!) Drink to drink.
Skin after frostbite
After warming, the frostbitten skin turns red, slightly swollen, blisters may appear on its surface.
After a few days, it may peel and the changes take on a blue or purple color.
If the frostbite is small, the skin is red, rough, flaky, you can cope with it yourself: carefully warming the skin and oiling it: preferably with a moisturizing cream with panthenol, lanolin or aloe. It is better to see a doctor with a younger child.
If the lesions are large, blisters appear, the skin is white or yellowish, you should immediately see a doctor or call for help. Blisters should not be punctured.
With a long stay in freezing temperatures, the baby's temperature may fall well below normal and the baby may lose consciousness. Such a dangerous condition, called hypothermia requires immediate medical attention.
While waiting for the arrival of the ambulance, it is worth going to a warm place, taking off the child's wet clothes, wrapping the baby in a blanket, turning on the heating (e.g. in the car). It's good to take care of your health and use every moment to raise your child's body temperature. If we have the opportunity and are able to lead, we can take the child to the hospital, wrapped in blankets.
How to prevent frostbite?
The easiest way: simply dress warmly. However, theory can be difficult to put into practice.
Definitely worth taking care of the boy was wearing a scarf, a hat and warm gloves (preferably waterproof when playing with snow). If your child protests against any of these pieces of clothing, it's worth trying to convince him and not believe that the child is warm and can run without gloves when the temperature drops below - 10 degrees. If your child is not a doctor, it is good to buy lighter gloves or a scarf, but it is not worth giving up them fully. Otherwise let's dress the children with onions.
It is very important choosing good shoes. For winter, it is best to choose footwear with a larger size, which will allow you to put on thicker socks and allow the toddler to move his toes in his shoes. Children's winter footwear should be well insulated from the cold. The base is a thicker sole.
Before going outside (about 15-20 minutes earlier) you should apply a good frost cream on your child's face (without water in storage). On the walk, pay attention to the signs that the child is cold (red cheeks, red nose, and then blue lips). Let's make sure the baby is in motion. A good idea is taking a warm drink in a thermos.
We do not cover the face with a scarf. A child who is breathing may experience a condensation of micro-injuries. Delicate skin can be irritated in this way.
You should also form a habit in your child, to move in cold weather, which allows you to warm up and prevents the body from cooling down.
Some doctors suggest that children under a year should not stay in the cold below -10 degrees. Not all parents are of the same opinion.