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Lyme disease in children - are we at risk of an epidemic?

Lyme disease is a disease that is considered "rare" in Poland. Quite wrongly. However, this is not the only problem.

It is a disease about which as a nation we know little, basing our knowledge on myths and residual information provided by doctors. It's no secret that specialists in Poland diagnose Lyme disease extremely rarely. Not because this disease occurs sporadically, but because they do not have enough knowledge about it. There is something else: diagnostic problems resulting from difficult to interpret symptoms.
Lyme disease can give various symptoms over decades.

These symptoms may signal Lyme disease

Patients in Poland often suffer without obtaining support and hope to cure their ailments. Their tiredness, drowsiness, lack of strength, headache, burning eyes, tinnitus, cardiac disorders and even depression are often misdiagnosed. Causes of malaise are looked for not where they are.

Medical practice shows that Lyme disease remains in many cases unrecognized and consequently ineffectively treated. Patients are sent from office to office, receive referrals to other specialists, and prescriptions for expensive medicines. When the cause of malaise cannot be found, doctors suggest that the problem is psychological.

Valuable time passes, and the disease leads to further negative effects, the patient suffers from misunderstanding and ineffective treatment, and doctors helplessly spread their hands.

Diagnostic difficulties

The problem is not only the lack of sufficient knowledge among doctors, but also ignoring the disease and the need to invest in new diagnostic forms and standards.

The trouble today is ineffectiveness of blood tests, which often do not allow the detection of various strains of bacteria that cause Lyme disease.

In United States there has been a provision since 2013 that requires doctors to inform patients about the low reliability of Lyme disease serological tests. In Poland, there is no such provision, and doctors believe in the results of the tests received, despite the fact that colleagues from other countries treat them with caution.

Are we at risk of a pandemic?

The fact that the risk of Lyme disease is high is also evidenced by another fact.

Huge amounts are invested in candles to effectively treat the disease and protect society against the threat of a pandemic. Experts from Canada in the bill from C-422 of June 21, 2012 predict that in 2020 as much as 80% of the population will be exposed to Lyme disease. In March 2012, Professor Luc Montagnier, Nobel Prize winner for the discovery of HIV, called the Lyme disease a pandemic. Another problem is the lack of research in Poland in relation to blood donors who donate their blood and may unknowingly pass the disease on to other people.

In Germany, in 2010 alone, 900,000 people were diagnosed with chronic Lyme disease. In the same year, only 9003 cases were diagnosed in Poland. Experts point out that there may be many more patients in Poland, but diagnostic difficulties make it impossible to count them.

Not always erythema

Lyme disease is quite wrongly associated with a disease that begins with the appearance of erythema on the skin. Meanwhile, only in a small number of cases are Borrelia infection transmitted mainly by ticks (but also mites, mosquitoes, flies, fleas and lice) is associated with skin lesions. The disease sometimes stays crouched for months and years or gives symptoms that are difficult to associate with a trip to the forest.

Lyme disease it multi-organ disease, causes various reactions, its occurrence is associated with many symptoms.